2017 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY


2017 sacred libation flyer

Flyer for 2017 Sacred Libation Ceremony March 26, 2017 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Sacred libation ceremony for our lynched sisters: Calling all spiritual warriors to do the work!

By Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett, Oni Sango

Calling all spiritual warriors of African descent to gather 3:00PM sharp, Sunday, March 26, rain or shine, at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets in Philadelphia for the Fourth Sacred Libation Ceremony in remembrance of the 150 documented Black women who were lynched between 1870 and 1957.

In March 2014, I and a small group of priests of Philadelphia’s African American Yoruba/Orisha community conducted the first Sacred Libation Ceremony for the martyred ancestors. The ceremony has now been instituted as an annual ritual in March as part of Women’s History Month in memory of our ancestors.

Libation is poured and prayers are offered by female clergy in the Yoruba, the Akan, the Buddhist and the Christian traditions as prescribed by the Egun (ancestors). If weather permits a drumming is included.

How did this all come about? In 2014, while perusing stories on a Black news website, I came across a story entitled, “Black women were lynched too!” written by blogger Yolanda Spivey. The story included a link to a website (https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/) owned by Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe, that’s dedicated to Henrietta Vinton Davis, a prominent and fearless leader in Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) that included a listing of documented cases of 150 African American women who had been lynched between 1870 and 1957. It provides documented information on these women – their names, dates, places, the reason they were lynched and with whom they were lynched. Reading this made me angry and brought tears to my eyes. After reading details of the lynchings, the Egun spoke to me and instructed me to do more than send an email informing people about the history.

They needed libation poured for them to uplift and bring light their souls. They wanted to be remembered and have their stories told. They wouldn’t let me rest. It was physically and spiritually painful. I kept asking them why me? They replied, “why not you?” They have been with me ever since.

I contacted Brother Nnamdi who said he had been trying to get Black women to pour libation for the lynched Egun for years but no-one wanted to do it. In the 1990s he received a pamphlet by Dr. Daniel Meaders entitled “Black Women Who Were Lynched in America” that gave him details of the lynchings and posted it to his website. These “women,” many of whom were children, were not just lynched — they were raped and tortured before being hung, shot or burned by mobs of white men. Now days, African Americans ostracize Black people who are Republican. However, the first three women on the list – Mrs. John Simes lynched in 1870 in Henry County, Kentucky and Mrs. Hawkins and her daughter, lynched in 1872 in Fayette County, Kentucky, were all murdered for being Republicans!

Many were lynched for standing up for themselves and their families. If their husband or son was accused of a crime and couldn’t be found, the females in the family were lynched. Entire families, including the children were lynched together. Some were lynched merely because they were Black. Others were lynched because they dared to have a dispute with a white person.

Hannah Kearse was lynched in 1895 in Colleton, South Carolina with her mother and son for supposedly stealing a bible. Jennie McCall was lynched in 1903 in Hamilton, Florida by mistake! Mercy Hall was lynched in 1922 in Oklahoma City for strike activity. Eliza Bryant was lynched May 25, 1926 in Duplin, North Carolina for having the nerve to be successful. The last sister on the list, Mrs. Frank Clay, was lynched November 18, 1957 in Henderson, North Carolina for having a dispute with a white person. I was 3 years-old in 1957.

Most people don’t know about women like pregnant Mary Turner who was lynched May 17, 1918 in Brooks County, Georgia to teach her a lesson. After her husband was lynched, Mary threatened to have those who lynched him arrested. She fled, but the mob pursued her and found her the next morning. She was eight months pregnant when the mob of several hundred took her to a stream, tied her ankles together and hung her from a tree upside down. She was doused with gasoline and set on fire. One of the mob took a knife and split open her womb so that her unborn baby fell to the ground. The baby’s head was then crushed under the heels of her murderers. But, that wasn’t enough for the demonic mob. They finished Mary off by riddling her body with bullets – to teach her a lesson.

Each year Nnamdi and I work together to carry-out the Egun’s instructions. The Egun plans every aspect of the ritual. The first year, neither Nnamdi nor I could sleep for weeks until it was done. We realized that we were chosen by the Egun to bring this to the people and that the Egun were speaking through us. They are channeling through us to do what needs to be done for them and our communities – healing. The Egun are not an abstract notion. They are just as alive as they were here in this realm we call Earth. Many of us can hear and communicate with them, but most people ignore them. However, they have determined that they are no longer going be ignored. The ancestors are commanding our attention. What was hidden is now being brought forth.

“The Egun/Ndiichie/ancestors are reaching out to us,” explained Azikiwe, a staunch Garveyite who lives in Washington, DC. “ They are calling us to use them in the struggle for the triumph of the righteous. The sacred libation ceremony opened me spiritually to view life from a whole new perspective. It is happening because we heeded the call of the ancestors to engage in a process to condition us spiritually for the work that needs being done.”

Let all those who have ears listen! The Egun wants people to innerstand that we are engaged in a spiritual war that is manifesting on Earth and that it’s time to put on our spiritual armor and use our spiritual weapons to defend and protect the children of the Diaspora. They are saying that we must be on one accord spiritually – “no more divisions among the children of Africa regarding religion or nationality/culture. Stop dividing and elevating yourselves above your brethren because of the way they worship the God. You are all God’s children and everyone in the family must work together.” Work is the operative word this year. Do what you have to do spiritually and do it NOW for the good of our people! They are commanding us to “do the work, do the work!”

Each January, Yoruba/Orisa priests around the world conduct divinations for the new year. The 2017 Reading of the Year for the U.S. conducted by the Philadelphia community of Orisa priests revealed that we must work together across the different traditions to do the important spiritual work that is needed this year. It also revealed that the feminine energy is very strong this year and must be recognized and respected. The feminine energy will be our saving grace. Victory over adversity will come through the Iyaami (E-ya-Mee) – the Mothers of the World. They are the powerful primordial mothers sent by Olódùmarè (Almighty Universal Creator) to rule the Earth. They oversee the control and balance of nature, hence “Mother Earth.” Everything comes to Earth through the Mothers. The Iyaami are coming to remove the obstacles and purge the malevolent energy. Accompanying them in the fight against the evil ones are the ruling Orisa (angelic forces) of the year – Sango, God’s avenging angel who is always victorious over his enemies, and Oshun, leader of the Iyaami. Oshun is Mother of Civilization and Culture — the Orisa of fresh waters which we need to live.

This year Sango, Oshun, the Iyaami and the Egun have prescribed an additional prayer ritual for the protection of the children of the Diaspora living in the U.S. and for the future of this nation. Olódùmarè’s angels are fighting on our behalf, but we must do our part. The most important component of this ritual is the feminine energy/female spiritual warriors. I am especially calling women of African descent from all spiritual traditions who are spiritual/prayer warriors to join us in this important ritual for the future of our nation and against the evil ones. There is nothing more formidable than a praying Black woman – a powerful force that raised nations! Our words have increased power this year, so we must be very careful what we speak. Keep your thoughts and words lofty.

We have to elevate ourselves to a higher spiritual vibratory level at this time in order to be in tune with the Universal Creative Force and its positive energy. It is imperative that we lift ourselves above the destructive energy that is being purged in order to survive. There is no need to react to the malevolent because they now have physical control. NO FEAR! Olódùmarè has spiritual control of the outcome – but we must do the work!

We must raise the vibration level of the Earth – the mother of us all. So, I’m calling on all of the clergy of our community – Babas, Iyas, Nanas, Mambos, Hougans, Tatas, Yayis, Imans, Rabbis and Reverends – to come together to pray for our Egun and the future of our people on Sunday, March 26. Those who are ready and willing to do the work step forward. This is not an event and is not for spectators. It is a serious ritual. Please wear white or light colors and bring your instruments.

Second Annual Sacred Libation Order of Service


2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER 3

2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony Flyer

SECOND ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY

IN REMEMBRANCE: 150 BLACK WOMEN LYNCHED IN THE U.S. 1870-1957

3:00PM, Sunday, March 29, 2015

Congo Square, Philadelphia, PA

ORDER OF SERVICE

Procession of Priests, Philadelphia Asante Nation Queen Mothers and other presenters

Egun Songs and Drums

Baba Joe Bryant, Baba Sekou Olayinka

Welcome

Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett, Oni Sango

The Women

Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe, owner of Henrietta Vinton Davis website

Lynching in Amerikkka

Iya Katrina Hazzard Donald, director of Rutgers/Camden Africana Program

Libation for the 150 Lynched Women Egun

Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett, Oni Sango

Nana Afua Afriyie Kyeiwaa, Philadelphiahemaa

Nana Akua Oforiwaa Amanfo, Philadelphia Asonahemaa

Song

Hush Somebody’s Calling My Name

Calling of the Names of the Lynched Egun

The Sisters

Prayer

Mama Gail Clouden

Sufi Healing Chant

Sister Sultana

Closing Song

Oh Freedom!

Drumming for the 150 Lynched Women Egun

Baba Joe Bryant & the community of drummers

ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FOR OUR SISTERS: The community remembers Black women lynched


ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FOR OUR SISTERS

The community remembers Black women lynched

Spiritually-conscious women and men of African descent will gather 3:00PM sharp, Sunday, March 29, rain or shine, at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets in Philadelphia for the Second Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony in remembrance of the 150 documented Black women who were lynched between 1870 and 1957.

2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER 3

Flyer for the 2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony to be conducted at 7th & Walnut Streets in Congo (Washington) Square Philadelphia, Pa.

In March 2014, the first annual Sacred Libation Ceremony for the women was conducted by Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett and a group of priests of Philadelphia’s African American Yoruba/Orisha community. Although it rained that day, approximately 30 people came to witness the ritual – some from as far as New York and Washington DC. The ceremony has now been instituted as an annual ritual on the last Sunday in March as part of Women’s History Month.

In addition to libation being poured by Jewett in the Yoruba tradition, women from other traditions also will participate. The Queen Mothers of the Philadelphia Asante NationNana Afua Afriyie Kyeiwaa, Philadelphiahemaa and Nana Akua Oforiwaa Amanfo, Philadelphia Asonahemaa, will pour libation in the Akan tradition from Ghana. They will be accompanied by the women of the Philadelphia Asante Abusuafoo. Other holy women participating includes well-known healer/education activist Mama Gail Clouden and her godchildren.

How did this all come about? Last year, while perusing stories on Dr. Boyce Watkins’ “Your Black World” news website, Jewett came across a story entitled, “Black women were lynched too!” written by blogger Yolanda Spivey. Although she was a student of history and knew about the list of 5,000 documented lynchings of people of African descent in the U.S., Jewett wasn’t aware of the number of women who were included. Neither was Spivey.

I can’t begin to tell how shocked I was to learn the depths of what happened to lynched Black men and women in this country,” said Spivey.  “I wasn’t naïve about the lynchings, but I was definitely naïve to learn the circumstances surrounding their murders.  The Black women in some cases were pregnant — and that didn’t matter to the white people who murdered them.  They were, in all circumstances, murdered for the silliest infractions or implicated in crimes that they did not commit.” 

Spivey’s story (http://naturallymoi.com/2014/02/yolanda-spivey-lets-not-forget-that-black-women-were-lynched-too/) led Jewett to a website owned by Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe, that’s dedicated to Henrietta Vinton Davis, a prominent leader in Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The website (https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/) provides documented information on these women – their names, dates, places, why and with whom they were lynched. After reading details of the lynchings, the Egun (ancestors) began speaking to Jewett and instructed her that she must do more than send an email informing people about the history.

Amy Jacques Garvey, Henrietta Vinton Davis and Marcus Garvey

Amy Jacques Garvey, Henrietta Vinton Davis and Marcus Garvey

They needed libation poured for them to uplift and bring light their souls,” Jewett explained. They wanted to be remembered and have their stories told. They wouldn’t let me rest. It was physically and spiritually painful. I couldn’t sleep for the two weeks leading up to the ritual. I kept asking them why me? They replied that it was part of my destiny and that I had to do it.”

Continue reading

REMEMBERING OUR SISTERS: BLACK WOMEN LYNCHED


REMEMBERING OUR SISTERS: BLACK WOMEN LYNCHED

Second Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony in Remembrance on March 29

By Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett

laura_nelson_high_res

Laura Nelson is the only one of the Black Women who were lynched in America of whom we have a known photograph.

Last year while reading articles on a Black news website, I noticed a link to an article about Black women who were lynched. Being a student of history, I followed the link which led to another Black website and read the story which detailed the history of 150 documented cases of Black women in the U.S. who had been lynched between 1870 and 1957. These “women,” many of whom were mere girls were not just lynched — they were raped and tortured before being hung, shot or burned by mobs of white men. The first three women on the list – Mrs. John Simes lynched in 1870 in Henry County, Kentucky and Mrs. Hawkins and her daughter, lynched in 1872 in Fayette County, Kentucky, were all murdered for being republicans!

I have been a student of history (American, Black/African and ancient history) since I was a child. I knew that thousands of African people in America have been lynched. I read “The Lynching Calendar” that lists 2,400 of the 5,000 documented lynchings of African people in the U.S., but I didn’t realize there were this many women lynched! The website with The Lynching Calendar” has since mysteriously disappeared.

A post on another Black website provided documented information on these women – their names, the dates, places, the reason they were lynched and with whom they were lynched. Reading this made me angry and brought tears to my eyes. I sent it to my email list and told the brothers and sisters to send it to every person of African descent they know. This is part of our history — Amerikkkan history that we must pass to our children and grandchildren. They will not learn this in school. It’s up to us to teach them.

After reading the accounts of the lynchings, the Egun (ancestors) spoke to me and directed me to do something so they will be remembered. I broke down and cried like a baby because I could feel the horror and pain that these women endured. Olódùmarè help me! Egun directed me to conduct a sacred libation ceremony to remember them and bring some peace to their souls. They also directed me to do this annually on the designated day. I will conduct this annual ritual as long as I have breath in my body.

I’m sure most people don’t know about these women, but we must never forget women like pregnant Mary Turner who was lynched May 17, 1918 in Brooks County, Georgia to teach her a lesson. After her husband was lynched, Mary threatened to have those who lynched her husband arrested. She fled, but the mob pursued her and found her the next morning. She was eight months pregnant when the mob of several hundred took her to a stream, tied her ankles together and hung her from a tree with her head down. She was doused with gasoline and set on fire. One of the mob took a knife and split her stomach open so that her unborn baby fell to the ground. The baby’s head was crushed under the heels of the mob. But, that wasn’t enough for the demonic mob. They finished Mary off by riddling her body with bullets.

Sisters Alma (16) and Maggie Howze (20) were both pregnant by Dr. E. L. Johnston, a dentist who used them both as his sex slaves, when lynched in 1918 in Mississippi for allegedly killing him. Eyewitnesses at Alma’s burial said that that the movements of her unborn baby could be detected.

Laura Nelson was accused of murdering a sheriff who had discovered stolen goods in her house. She was lynched together with her son (15), in 1911 in Okemah, Oklahoma. Laura and her son were taken from jail, dragged six miles to the Canadian River, where she was raped by the mob before she and her son were hung from a bridge.

2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER

2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony Flyer

These lynchings are a part of the “African Holocaust – the Maafa” that some folks, including some Negroes, want us to forget. The Maafa included the Middle Passage, 300+ years of chattel slavery, Reconstruction, Jim Crow segregation and continues to this day. For more information on these lynchings, go to https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/.

Last year 25-30 of you came in the pouring rain to witness this important ritual. Thank you for standing up for our sisters! Once again, I am asking all spiritually-conscious women and men of African descent to join me 3:00PM, Sunday, March 29 at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets for the second annual sacred libation ceremony in remembrance of our sisters. Please wear white – no black or dark colors. Bring your children because they must know and learn about this forgotten history so it will never be repeated. We must never forget these women – our sisters — who were brutally tortured and lynched.

REMEMBER THE MAAFA! NEVER AGAIN!

IN REMEMBRANCE OF OUR SISTERS: 150 BLACK WOMEN WHO WERE LYNCHED IN THE U.S. BETWEEN 1870-1957


IN REMEMBRANCE OF OUR SISTERS:

150 BLACK WOMEN WHO WERE LYNCHED IN THE U.S. BETWEEN 1870-1957
They must not be forgotten

NEVER AGAIN!
A SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY will be held to honor their memory and humanity. It will take
place at 3:00PM Sharp on Sunday, March 30, 2014 at Congo (Washington) Square
6th & Walnut Streets Philadelphia, PA.

NEVER AGAIN!

Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957: More on Black Women Who Were Lynched


Click here for details about the March 26, 2017 Fourth Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony In Remembrance of Our Sisters

The lynching of Laura Nelson

After seeing the connection between Henrietta Vinton Davis and Black Women who were lynched (they lacked markers on their graves) we posted Dr. Daniel Meaders’ pamphlet on Black Women Who Were Lynched in America.  Reading that aroused wonder.   Were more women lynched than Dr. Meaders found? Further inquiry led us to the revelation of  “STRANGER FRUIT”: THE LYNCHING OF BLACK WOMEN THE CASES OF ROSA RICHARDSON AND MARIE SCOTT” by MARIA DELONGORIA. The information below is extracted from Appendix A: Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957. This list indicates approximately one hundred and fifty women who were lynched.  Four of them were known to have been pregnant at the time. m= mother d=daughter s=son f=father c=cousin w=wife h=husband #=age of victim b=brother s1=sister * some sexually related aspect (evidence of rape, sexual assault and/or ‘relationship’) ** approximate date

Number Date Name Lynched with County/City State
 1870    

1

SeptMrs. John Simes Henry Co KYRepublican
 1872 

2

NovMrs. Hawkins (m) Fayette Co KYRepublican

3

 —– Hawkins (d) Fayette Co KYRepublican
 1876    

4

MayMrs. Ben French Warsaw KYmurder
 1878    

5

4 NovMaria Smith Hernando MSmurder
 1880    

6

29 JulyMilly Thompson Clayton GA 

7

6 DecJulia Brandt (15)Joe Barnes, Vance BrandtCharleston SCtheft/murder
 1881    

8

*4 SeptAnn (Eliza) Cowan (35) Newberry SCarson
 1885     

9

29 SeptHarriet FinchJerry Finch, John Pattishal, Lee TysonChatham Co NCmurder
 1886    

10

25 JulyMary Hollenbeck Tattnall GAmurder

11

18 AugEliza Wood Madison TNmurder

12

SeptCummins (d)Stephen Cummins (f)Pulaski KY 
 1887    

13

28 AprilGracy Blanton W. Carroll LAtheft
 1891    

14

15 AprilRoxie Elliott Centerville AL 

15

9 MayMrs. Lee Lowndes MSson accused of murder

16

1 AugEliza Lowe Henry ALarson

17

 Ella Williams Henry ALarson

18

28 SeptLouise StevensonGrant WhiteHollandale MSmurder
 1892    

19

3 FebMrs. Martin Sumner Co TNson accused of arson

20

10 FebMrs. Brisco(w) ARrace prejudice

21

10 FebJessie Dillingham Smokeyville TXtrain wrecking

22

11 MarchElla (15) Rayville LAattempted murder/poisoning

23

2 NovMrs. Hastings(m)son (16)Jonesville LAhusband accused

24

 Hastings(d,14) Jonesville LAfather accused of murder

25

21 DecCora Guthrie,Indian Territory 
 1893    

26

19 MarchJessie Jones Jellico TNmurder

27

18 JulyMeredith Lewis Roseland LAmurder

28

15 SeptEmma FairPaul Hill, Paul Archer, William ArcherCarrolton ALarson

29

16 SeptLouisa Carter (Lou)(m) Jackson MSpoisoning a well

30

 Mahala Jackson (d) Jackson MSpoisoning a well
 1893    

31

NovMrs. Phil Evens (m) Bardstown KY 

32

 Evans (d) Bardstown KY 

33

 Evans (d) Bardstown KY 

34

4 NovMary (Eliza) Motlow Lynchburg VAarson

35

9 NovRilla Weaver Clarendon AR 
 1894    

36

6 Marchunknown Negro woman Pulaski AR 

37

16 JulyMarion Howard Scottsville KY 

38

24 JulyNegro woman Simpson Co MSrace prejudice
 1895    

39

20 MarchHarriet Tally Petersburg TNarson

40

21 AprilMary Deane Greenville ALmurder

41

 Alice Green Greenville ALmurder

42

 Martha Green Greenville ALmurder

43

1 JulyMollie Smith Trigg County KY 

44

20 JulyMrs. Abe Phillips (m)unnamed child (1)Hannah Phillips (d)Mant TX 

45

23 JulyNegro woman Brenham TX 

46

2 AugMrs. James Mason (w)James Mason (h)Dangerfield TX 

47

*28 AugNegro woman Simpson MSmiscegenation

48

26 SeptFelicia Francis New Orleans LA 

49

11 OctCatherine Matthews Baton Rouge LApoisoning

50

2 DecHannah Kearse(Walker,m),Isom K. (s)Colleton SCstealing a bible
 1896     

51

*12 JanCharlotte Morris Jefferson LAmiscegenation/living with white “husband”

52

1 AugIsadora Morely Selma ALmurder

53

18 NovMimm Collier Steenston MS 
 1897    

54

9 FebNegro woman Carrolton MStheft/arson

55

5 MarchOtea Smith Julietta FLmurder

56

12 MayAmanda Franks Jefferson ALmurder

57

 Molly White Jefferson ALmurder
 1898    

58

22 FebDora Baker(d,2)Frazier Baker(f)Williamsburg SCrace prejudice

59

9 NovRose Etheridge Phoenix SCmurder

60

13 NovEliza Goode Greenwood SCmurder
 1899    

61

23 MarchWillia Boyd Silver City MS 
 1900    

62

2 MarchMrs. Jim Cross (m) Lowndes AL 

63

 Cross (d) Lowndes AL 

64

7 JulyLizzie Pool Hickory Plains ARrace prejudice

65

25 JulyAnna Mabry New Orleans LArace prejudice

66

28 AugNegro womanNegro manForrest City NCtheft of peaches
 1901    

67

5 MarchBallie Crutchfield Rome TNtheft

68

20 MarchTerry Bell Terry MS 

69

1 AugBetsey McCray (m)Belfiield (s)Carrolton MSknowledge of murder

70

 Ida McCray (d) Carrolton MSknowledge of murder

71

4 OctNegro woman Marshall TXassault
 1902    

72

15 FebBell Duly Fulton KY 

73

27 DecMrs.Emma WidemanOliver WidemanTroy SCmurder
 1903    

74

 Negro woman  murder of Mrs. Frank Matthews

75

8 JuneNegro womanNegro men (4)Smith County MSmurder

76

24 JuneLamb Whittle Concordia LA 

77

*25 JulyJennie Steers Beard Plantation, Shreveport LAmurder by poison

78

28 OctJennie McCall Hamilton FLby mistake
 1904    

79

7 FebHolbert (w)Luther HolbertDoddsville MSburning barn

80

*14 JuneMarie Thompson Lebanon Junction KYmurder

81

30 Augustunknown Bates Union AR 
 1906    

82

7 NovMeta Hicks Mitchell GAhusband accused of murder
 1907    

83

20 MarchNegro woman Stamps AR 

84

 Negro woman Stamps AR 

85

21 MayMrs. Padgett (m)SonTattnall GAson accused of rape

86

 Padgett (d) Tattnall GAbrother accused of rape
 1908    

87

3 OctMrs. D. Walker (m) Fulton KYrace hatred

88

 Walker (d) Fulton KYrace hatred
 1909    

89

9 FebRobby Baskin Houston MSmurder

90

30 JulyEmile Antione Grand Prairie LAassault
 1910     

91

April 5Laura Mitchell Lonoke ARmurder

92

*25 AugLaura Porter Monroe LAdisreputable house
 1911    

93

*25 MayLaura NelsonL.D. (14)(s)Okemah OKmurder

94

2 SeptHattie BowmanEd ChristianGreenville FLtheft
 1912    

95

**Pettigrew (d)Ben Pettigrew (f)Savannah TN 

96

**Pettigrew (d) Savannah TN 

97

 Negro woman Codele GA 

98

*23 JanBelle HathawayJohn Moore,Eugene Hamming,Dusty Cruthfield or CrutchfieldHamilton GAtenants of murdered man

99

11 FebNegro womanNegro children (3)Beaumont TX 

100

13 FebMary JacksonGeorge SaundersMarshall TX 

101

25 JuneAnn Boston Pinehurst GAmurder
 1914    

102

13 Mar**Mrs. Joe Perry (m,w)Joe Perry (h)SonChildHenderson NC 

103

*31 MarMarie Scott (17) Muskogee OKmurder

104

28 May/June**Jennie Collins Shaw MSaiding in escape

105

17 JuneParalee Collins (m)Issac (s)West Plains MO 

106

*12 JulyRosa Richardson (27-35) Providence/Santee SCmurder

107

25 NovJane Sullivan (w)Fred Sullivan (h)Byhalia MSburning a barn
 1915     

108

15 JanEula Charles(Barber,d)Dan Barber (f)Jasper County GAparents accused of bootlegging

109

 Ella Charles(Barber,d)Jesse Barber(b)Jasper County GAparents accused of bootlegging

110

MayBriley Pescott AR 

111

17 AugHope Hull AL 

112

*8 DecCordella Stevenson Columbus MS 
 1916    

113

19 AugMary Dennis Newberry FLaiding in escape

114

 Stella Long Newberry FLaiding in escape

115

4 Oct**Mary Conley Arlington GAcomplicity in murder
 1917    

116

1 MarchEmma Hooper Hammond LAmurder
 1918    

117

17 MayMary Turner (pregnant) Brooks Co GAtaught a lesson

118

4 JuneSarah Cabinessunnamed children(2)Bessie Cabiness(d)Pete (s)Tenola Cabiness(d)Cute Cabiness (d)Huntsville TXthreatening white man

119

4 SeptMrs. James Eyer Marion GA 

120

*21 DecAlma House (pregnant)Andrew ClarkShubuta MSmurder
 1919    

121

5 Mayunknown Negro woman Holmes MSrace prejudice
 1920    

122

2 Novunknown Negro woman Ocoee FLrace prejudice

123

18 NovMinnie IvoryWillie IvoryWill PerryDouglass GAmurder
 1921    

124

9 AprilRachel Moore Rankin MSrace prejudice
 1922    

125

25 JuneMercy Hall Oklahoma City OKstrike activity
 1923    

126

5 JanSarah Carrier Rosewood FLrace prejudice

127

 Lesty Gordon Rosewood FLrace prejudice

128

29 SeptNegro woman Pickens MS 

129

31 SeptNegro woman Holmes MSrace prejudice
 1924    

130

23 JunePenny WestmorelandMarcus WestmorelandSpalding GA 

131

19 July—– Sheldon Meridian MS 

132

11 SeptSarah Williams Shreveport LA 
 1925    

133

*25 AprilAnnie Lowman (m) Aiken SCdefending her daughter
 1926    

134

25 AprilLily Cobb Birmingham AL 

135

25 MayEliza Bryant Duplin NCsuccess

136

8 OctBertha Lowman(d,s1)Demon (b)Aiken SClynched after acquitted of murder

137

11 NovSally BrownClarence (c)Houston TX 
 1928    

138

25 DecNegro woman (1) Eros LAdispute w/ whites

139

 Negro woman (2) Eros LAdispute w/whites
 1930     

140

12 FebLaura Wood Salisbury NC 

141

5 JulyViola Dial (pregnant) Narketta MSrace prejudice

142

6 JulyMrs. James Eyers (w) Markeeta MSrace prejudice

143

10 SeptHolly WhitePigg LockettScooba MS 
 1931    

144

MayMrs. Wise Frankfort VAresisting Klan
 1946    

145

*25 JulyDorothy Malcolm(w) (pregnant)Roger Malcolm (h)Monroe GAable to identify mob members

146

 Mae Dorsey (w)George Dorsey (h)Monroe GAable to identify mob members
 1956     

147

*25 MarchAngenora Spencer Hyde NCmiscegenation
 1957     

148

18 NovMrs. Frank Clay Henderson NCdispute

*Crystal Nicole Femister has a similar chart in the Appendix of her dissertation “Ladies and Lynching”: The Gendered Discourse of Mob Violence in the New South, 1880-1930. Having used overlapping sources accounts for similarities although there are differences in categories, variations of names, locations and some of the other content.