Second Annual Sacred Libation Order of Service


2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER 3

2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony Flyer

SECOND ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY

IN REMEMBRANCE: 150 BLACK WOMEN LYNCHED IN THE U.S. 1870-1957

3:00PM, Sunday, March 29, 2015

Congo Square, Philadelphia, PA

ORDER OF SERVICE

Procession of Priests, Philadelphia Asante Nation Queen Mothers and other presenters

Egun Songs and Drums

Baba Joe Bryant, Baba Sekou Olayinka

Welcome

Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett, Oni Sango

The Women

Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe, owner of Henrietta Vinton Davis website

Lynching in Amerikkka

Iya Katrina Hazzard Donald, director of Rutgers/Camden Africana Program

Libation for the 150 Lynched Women Egun

Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett, Oni Sango

Nana Afua Afriyie Kyeiwaa, Philadelphiahemaa

Nana Akua Oforiwaa Amanfo, Philadelphia Asonahemaa

Song

Hush Somebody’s Calling My Name

Calling of the Names of the Lynched Egun

The Sisters

Prayer

Mama Gail Clouden

Sufi Healing Chant

Sister Sultana

Closing Song

Oh Freedom!

Drumming for the 150 Lynched Women Egun

Baba Joe Bryant & the community of drummers

ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FOR OUR SISTERS: The community remembers Black women lynched


ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FOR OUR SISTERS

The community remembers Black women lynched

Spiritually-conscious women and men of African descent will gather 3:00PM sharp, Sunday, March 29, rain or shine, at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets in Philadelphia for the Second Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony in remembrance of the 150 documented Black women who were lynched between 1870 and 1957.

2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER 3

Flyer for the 2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony to be conducted at 7th & Walnut Streets in Congo (Washington) Square Philadelphia, Pa.

In March 2014, the first annual Sacred Libation Ceremony for the women was conducted by Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett and a group of priests of Philadelphia’s African American Yoruba/Orisha community. Although it rained that day, approximately 30 people came to witness the ritual – some from as far as New York and Washington DC. The ceremony has now been instituted as an annual ritual on the last Sunday in March as part of Women’s History Month.

In addition to libation being poured by Jewett in the Yoruba tradition, women from other traditions also will participate. The Queen Mothers of the Philadelphia Asante NationNana Afua Afriyie Kyeiwaa, Philadelphiahemaa and Nana Akua Oforiwaa Amanfo, Philadelphia Asonahemaa, will pour libation in the Akan tradition from Ghana. They will be accompanied by the women of the Philadelphia Asante Abusuafoo. Other holy women participating includes well-known healer/education activist Mama Gail Clouden and her godchildren.

How did this all come about? Last year, while perusing stories on Dr. Boyce Watkins’ “Your Black World” news website, Jewett came across a story entitled, “Black women were lynched too!” written by blogger Yolanda Spivey. Although she was a student of history and knew about the list of 5,000 documented lynchings of people of African descent in the U.S., Jewett wasn’t aware of the number of women who were included. Neither was Spivey.

I can’t begin to tell how shocked I was to learn the depths of what happened to lynched Black men and women in this country,” said Spivey.  “I wasn’t naïve about the lynchings, but I was definitely naïve to learn the circumstances surrounding their murders.  The Black women in some cases were pregnant — and that didn’t matter to the white people who murdered them.  They were, in all circumstances, murdered for the silliest infractions or implicated in crimes that they did not commit.” 

Spivey’s story (http://naturallymoi.com/2014/02/yolanda-spivey-lets-not-forget-that-black-women-were-lynched-too/) led Jewett to a website owned by Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe, that’s dedicated to Henrietta Vinton Davis, a prominent leader in Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The website (https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/) provides documented information on these women – their names, dates, places, why and with whom they were lynched. After reading details of the lynchings, the Egun (ancestors) began speaking to Jewett and instructed her that she must do more than send an email informing people about the history.

Amy Jacques Garvey, Henrietta Vinton Davis and Marcus Garvey

Amy Jacques Garvey, Henrietta Vinton Davis and Marcus Garvey

They needed libation poured for them to uplift and bring light their souls,” Jewett explained. They wanted to be remembered and have their stories told. They wouldn’t let me rest. It was physically and spiritually painful. I couldn’t sleep for the two weeks leading up to the ritual. I kept asking them why me? They replied that it was part of my destiny and that I had to do it.”

Continue reading

WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH: THE LYNCHING OF AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN


WOMEN’S HISTORY MONTH: THE LYNCHING OF AFRICAN AMERICAN WOMEN

By Marilyn Kai Jewett

Many of us who are students of history know about the thousands of Black men who were lynched in this nation. However, most don’t know about the many African American women who were also lynched. Last year, I came across a website dedicated to Henrietta Vinton Davis, a prominent and fearless leader in Marcus Garveys’ Universal

Laura Nelson is the only woman of whom a photograph is known to exist who was lynched in America.

Laura Nelson is the only woman of whom a photograph is known to exist who was lynched in America.

Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The website included a listing of documented cases of African American women who had been lynched between 1870 and 1957. The website provides documented information on these women – their names, dates, places, the reason they were lynched and with whom they were lynched. Reading this made me angry and brought tears to my eyes. Reading the details of these lynchings is hard and painful, but necessary for those who want to know the truth. This is part of our history — Amerikkkan history – world history — that must be taught to our children and grandchildren. They will not learn this in school. It’s up to us to teach them the true history of the U.S. that proclaims that it’s “one nation under God, with liberty and justice for all.” Right.

These “women,” many of whom were children, were not just lynched — they were raped and tortured before being hung, shot or burned by mobs of white men. Now days, African Americans ostracize Black people who are Republican. However, the first three women on the list – Mrs. John Simes lynched in 1870 in Henry County, Kentucky and Mrs. Hawkins and her daughter, lynched in 1872 in Fayette County, Kentucky, were all murdered for being Republicans!

Many of these women were lynched for standing up for themselves and their families. If their husband or son was accused of a crime and couldn’t be found, the females in the family were lynched. Entire families, including the children were lynched together. Some were lynched merely because they were Black. Others were lynched because they dared to have a dispute with a white person.

Hannah Kearse was lynched in 1895 in Colleton, South Carolina with her mother and son for supposedly stealing a bible. Jennie McCall was lynched in 1903 in Hamilton, Florida by mistake! Mercy Hall was lynched in 1922 in Oklahoma City for strike activity. Eliza Bryant was lynched May 25, 1926 in Duplin, North Carolina for having the nerve to be successful. The last sister on the list, Mrs. Frank Clay, was lynched November 18, 1957 in Henderson, North Carolina for having a dispute with a white person. I was 3 years-old in 1957.

I’m sure most people don’t know about these women, but we must never forget women like pregnant Mary Turner who was lynched May 17, 1918 in Brooks County, Georgia to teach her a lesson. After her husband was lynched, Mary threatened to have those who lynched him arrested. She fled, but the mob pursued her and found her the next morning. She was eight months pregnant when the mob of several hundred took her to a stream, tied her ankles together and hung her from a tree upside down. She was doused with gasoline and set on fire. One of the mob took a knife and split open her womb so that her unborn baby fell to the ground. The baby’s head was then crushed under the heels of her murderers. But, that wasn’t enough for the demonic mob. They finished Mary off by riddling her body with bullets – to teach her a lesson.

2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER

Flyer for the 2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony

Seventeen year-old Marie Scott was lynched on March 31, 1914 in Wagoner County, Oklahoma by a white mob of at least a dozen males. Two drunken white men had broken into her house as she was dressing and raped her. Her brother heard her screams for help, kicked down the door, killed one assailant and fled. Unable to find her brother, the mob lynched Marie. After she was arrested, the mob took Marie from jail, threw a rope over her head as she screamed and hung her from a telephone pole.

Sisters Alma, 16 and Maggie Howze (House) 20, were both pregnant by Dr. E. L. Johnston, a married, white dentist who used them both as his sex slaves, when beaten and hung in 1918 from a bridge near Shutaba, Mississippi for allegedly killing him. Alma was close to giving birth when lynched. Eyewitnesses at her burial said that that the movements of her unborn baby could be detected.

Laura Nelson was accused of murdering a sheriff who had supposedly discovered stolen goods in her house. She was lynched with her 15 year-old son in 1911 in Okemah, Oklahoma. Laura and her son were taken from jail, dragged six miles to the Canadian River, where she was raped by the mob before she and her son were hung from a bridge.

Ann Barksdale (Ann Bostwick) was lynched in Pinehurst, Georgia on June 24, 1912 for supposedly killing her white, female employer. There was no trial and no statement was taken from Ann who authorities claimed had mental issues and should have been placed in a hospital. The mob was in a festive mood when they placed her in a car with a rope around her neck and the other end tied to a tree limb. Her murderers drove at a high speed until she was strangled to death. To make sure she was dead, the mob shot her eyes out and riddled her body with so many bullets that she was “cut in two.”

These lynchings are a part of the “African Holocaust – the Maafa” that some folks, including some Negroes, want us to forget. The Maafa included the Middle Passage, 300+ years of chattel slavery, Reconstruction, Jim Crow/De Facto segregation and continues to this day. Some of those people – African American and white — who witnessed these lynchings as children are still around.

The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth on them.

The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth on them.  — Ida B. Wells

These African American women, men and children were lynched with the cooperation of local law enforcement – many of whom were leaders of the local Ku Klux Klan. However, there’s a different kind of lynch mob in 21st Century Amerikkka. People of African descent are still being lynched by those who uphold this tainted, blood-stained system – the police, the courts, politicians who make the laws and yes, the media. So when you speak of the modern day lynchings of Brandon Tate-Brown, Phil Africa, Michael Brown, Troy Davis, Trayvon Martin, Amadou Diallo, Sean Bell, Oscar Grant and the countless men of African descent whose lives were unlawfully taken by police and the judicial system, remember our sisters who were brutally lynched by the mob.

Much thanks and praises to the scholars who researched and uncovered this important history. Thanks and continued blessings also to Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe who posted the information on his website. For more information on these lynchings, go to https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/.

Once again, I am asking all spiritually-conscious women and men of African descent to join me 3:00PM, Sunday, March 29 at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets in Philadelphia for the Second Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony in remembrance of our departed sisters. Although we are doing this in Philly, the ancestors want to be remembered with sacred libation ceremonies throughout the nation. We must never forget these women – our sisters, our ancestors — who were brutally tortured and murdered. NEVER AGAIN!

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REMEMBERING OUR SISTERS: BLACK WOMEN LYNCHED


REMEMBERING OUR SISTERS: BLACK WOMEN LYNCHED

Second Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony in Remembrance on March 29

By Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett

laura_nelson_high_res

Laura Nelson is the only one of the Black Women who were lynched in America of whom we have a known photograph.

Last year while reading articles on a Black news website, I noticed a link to an article about Black women who were lynched. Being a student of history, I followed the link which led to another Black website and read the story which detailed the history of 150 documented cases of Black women in the U.S. who had been lynched between 1870 and 1957. These “women,” many of whom were mere girls were not just lynched — they were raped and tortured before being hung, shot or burned by mobs of white men. The first three women on the list – Mrs. John Simes lynched in 1870 in Henry County, Kentucky and Mrs. Hawkins and her daughter, lynched in 1872 in Fayette County, Kentucky, were all murdered for being republicans!

I have been a student of history (American, Black/African and ancient history) since I was a child. I knew that thousands of African people in America have been lynched. I read “The Lynching Calendar” that lists 2,400 of the 5,000 documented lynchings of African people in the U.S., but I didn’t realize there were this many women lynched! The website with The Lynching Calendar” has since mysteriously disappeared.

A post on another Black website provided documented information on these women – their names, the dates, places, the reason they were lynched and with whom they were lynched. Reading this made me angry and brought tears to my eyes. I sent it to my email list and told the brothers and sisters to send it to every person of African descent they know. This is part of our history — Amerikkkan history that we must pass to our children and grandchildren. They will not learn this in school. It’s up to us to teach them.

After reading the accounts of the lynchings, the Egun (ancestors) spoke to me and directed me to do something so they will be remembered. I broke down and cried like a baby because I could feel the horror and pain that these women endured. Olódùmarè help me! Egun directed me to conduct a sacred libation ceremony to remember them and bring some peace to their souls. They also directed me to do this annually on the designated day. I will conduct this annual ritual as long as I have breath in my body.

I’m sure most people don’t know about these women, but we must never forget women like pregnant Mary Turner who was lynched May 17, 1918 in Brooks County, Georgia to teach her a lesson. After her husband was lynched, Mary threatened to have those who lynched her husband arrested. She fled, but the mob pursued her and found her the next morning. She was eight months pregnant when the mob of several hundred took her to a stream, tied her ankles together and hung her from a tree with her head down. She was doused with gasoline and set on fire. One of the mob took a knife and split her stomach open so that her unborn baby fell to the ground. The baby’s head was crushed under the heels of the mob. But, that wasn’t enough for the demonic mob. They finished Mary off by riddling her body with bullets.

Sisters Alma (16) and Maggie Howze (20) were both pregnant by Dr. E. L. Johnston, a dentist who used them both as his sex slaves, when lynched in 1918 in Mississippi for allegedly killing him. Eyewitnesses at Alma’s burial said that that the movements of her unborn baby could be detected.

Laura Nelson was accused of murdering a sheriff who had discovered stolen goods in her house. She was lynched together with her son (15), in 1911 in Okemah, Oklahoma. Laura and her son were taken from jail, dragged six miles to the Canadian River, where she was raped by the mob before she and her son were hung from a bridge.

2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER

2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony Flyer

These lynchings are a part of the “African Holocaust – the Maafa” that some folks, including some Negroes, want us to forget. The Maafa included the Middle Passage, 300+ years of chattel slavery, Reconstruction, Jim Crow segregation and continues to this day. For more information on these lynchings, go to https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/.

Last year 25-30 of you came in the pouring rain to witness this important ritual. Thank you for standing up for our sisters! Once again, I am asking all spiritually-conscious women and men of African descent to join me 3:00PM, Sunday, March 29 at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets for the second annual sacred libation ceremony in remembrance of our sisters. Please wear white – no black or dark colors. Bring your children because they must know and learn about this forgotten history so it will never be repeated. We must never forget these women – our sisters — who were brutally tortured and lynched.

REMEMBER THE MAAFA! NEVER AGAIN!

IN REMEMBRANCE OF OUR SISTERS: 150 BLACK WOMEN WHO WERE LYNCHED IN THE U.S. BETWEEN 1870-1957


IN REMEMBRANCE OF OUR SISTERS:

150 BLACK WOMEN WHO WERE LYNCHED IN THE U.S. BETWEEN 1870-1957
They must not be forgotten

NEVER AGAIN!
A SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY will be held to honor their memory and humanity. It will take
place at 3:00PM Sharp on Sunday, March 30, 2014 at Congo (Washington) Square
6th & Walnut Streets Philadelphia, PA.

NEVER AGAIN!

The Strangest Fruit of All: Black Women Who Were Lynched in America.


The lynching of Laura Nelson. "The Strangest Fruit of All" is a planned documentary on the lynching of Black Women.

Click here to order a Shield of Righteous Power t-shirt. Your purchase of the Shield of Righteous Power T-shirt aids in funding the production of the documentary "The Strangest Fruit of All: Black Women Who Were Lynched."

We want to make a documentary on Black women who were lynched.  We plan to produce the video in honor and recognition of the 148 African American women who are known to have been lynched and those whose names we do not know.  We intend to have 148 women speak the names of the women on the list, the date they died and the place where they were made into martyrs.  We also intend showing footage from the locations where they joined the ancestors, as well as interviewing Professor Maria Delongoria, Dr. Daniel Meaders and others for their insight into the lynching of women.

1. At least 148 black women are known to have been lynched in America.

2. We want to inform the public of the true nature of lynching.

3. Would you be willing to share this message with others?  In so doing we increase awareness and gain support for this project.

4. Go to http://henriettavintondavis.wordpress… and read more about the women who were lynched.

5. Then go to http://henriettavintondavis.wordpress… to learn about how we came to know of this subject and the beginnings of this project.

6. Purchase a The Shield of Righteous Power t-shirt.  The proceeds from your purchase will fund the production of a documentary on women who were lynched.

Purchasing a Shield of Righteous Power T-shirt makes a bold statement about the history of lynching in America.

Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957: More on Black Women Who Were Lynched


Click here for details about the March 26, 2017 Fourth Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony In Remembrance of Our Sisters

The lynching of Laura Nelson

After seeing the connection between Henrietta Vinton Davis and Black Women who were lynched (they all had no markers on their graves) we posted Dr. Daniel Meaders’ pamphlet on Black Women Who Were Lynched in America.  Reading that aroused wonder.   Were more women lynched than Dr. Meaders found? Further inquiry led us to the revelation of  “STRANGER FRUIT”: THE LYNCHING OF BLACK WOMEN THE CASES OF ROSA RICHARDSON AND MARIE SCOTT” by MARIA DELONGORIA. The information below is extracted from Appendix A: Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957. This list indicates approximately one hundred and fifty women who were lynched.  Four of them were known to have been pregnant at the time. m= mother d=daughter s=son f=father c=cousin w=wife h=husband #=age of victim b=brother s1=sister * some sexually related aspect (evidence of rape, sexual assault and/or ‘relationship’) ** approximate date

Number

Date

Name

Lynched with

County/City State

Allegation

1870

1

Sept Mrs. John Simes Henry Co KY Republican
1872

2

Nov Mrs. Hawkins (m) Fayette Co KY Republican

3

—– Hawkins (d) Fayette Co KY Republican
1876

4

May Mrs. Ben French Warsaw KY murder
1878

5

4 Nov Maria Smith Hernando MS murder
1880

6

29 July Milly Thompson Clayton GA

7

6 Dec Julia Brandt (15) Joe Barnes, Vance Brandt Charleston SC theft/murder
1881

8

*4 Sept Ann (Eliza) Cowan (35) Newberry SC arson
1885

9

29 Sept Harriet Finch Jerry Finch, John Pattishal, Lee Tyson Chatham Co NC murder
1886

10

25 July Mary Hollenbeck Tattnall GA murder

11

18 Aug Eliza Wood Madison TN murder

12

Sept Cummins (d) Stephen Cummins (f) Pulaski KY
1887

13

28 April Gracy Blanton W. Carroll LA theft
1891

14

15 April Roxie Elliott Centerville AL

15

9 May Mrs. Lee Lowndes MS son accused of murder

16

1 Aug Eliza Lowe Henry AL arson

17

Ella Williams Henry AL arson

18

28 Sept Louise Stevenson Grant White Hollandale MS murder
1892

19

3 Feb Mrs. Martin Sumner Co TN son accused of arson

20

10 Feb Mrs. Brisco(w) AR race prejudice

21

10 Feb Jessie Dillingham Smokeyville TX train wrecking

22

11 March Ella (15) Rayville LA attempted murder/poisoning

23

2 Nov Mrs. Hastings(m) son (16) Jonesville LA husband accused

24

Hastings(d,14) Jonesville LA father accused of murder

25

21 Dec Cora Guthrie,Indian Territory
1893

26

19 March Jessie Jones Jellico TN murder

27

18 July Meredith Lewis Roseland LA murder

28

15 Sept Emma Fair Paul Hill, Paul Archer, William Archer Carrolton AL arson

29

16 Sept Louisa Carter (Lou)(m) Jackson MS poisoning a well

30

Mahala Jackson (d) Jackson MS poisoning a well
1893

31

Nov Mrs. Phil Evens (m) Bardstown KY

32

Evans (d) Bardstown KY

33

Evans (d) Bardstown KY

34

4 Nov Mary (Eliza) Motlow Lynchburg VA arson

35

9 Nov Rilla Weaver Clarendon AR
1894

36

6 March unknown Negro woman Pulaski AR

37

16 July Marion Howard Scottsville KY

38

24 July Negro woman Simpson Co MS race prejudice
1895

39

20 March Harriet Tally Petersburg TN arson

40

21 April Mary Deane Greenville AL murder

41

Alice Green Greenville AL murder

42

Martha Green Greenville AL murder

43

1 July Mollie Smith Trigg County KY

44

20 July Mrs. Abe Phillips (m) unnamed child (1)Hannah Phillips (d) Mant TX

45

23 July Negro woman Brenham TX

46

2 Aug Mrs. James Mason (w) James Mason (h) Dangerfield TX

47

*28 Aug Negro woman Simpson MS miscegenation

48

26 Sept Felicia Francis New Orleans LA

49

11 Oct Catherine Matthews Baton Rouge LA poisoning

50

2 Dec Hannah Kearse (Walker,m),Isom K. (s) Colleton SC stealing a bible
1896

51

*12 Jan Charlotte Morris Jefferson LA miscegenation/living with white “husband”

52

1 Aug Isadora Morely Selma AL murder

53

18 Nov Mimm Collier Steenston MS
1897

54

9 Feb Negro woman Carrolton MS theft/arson

55

5 March Otea Smith Julietta FL murder

56

12 May Amanda Franks Jefferson AL murder

57

Molly White Jefferson AL murder
1898

58

22 Feb Dora Baker (d,2)Frazier Baker(f) Williamsburg SC race prejudice

59

9 Nov Rose Etheridge Phoenix SC murder

60

13 Nov Eliza Goode Greenwood SC murder
1899

61

23 March Willia Boyd Silver City MS
1900

62

2 March Mrs. Jim Cross (m) Lowndes AL

63

Cross (d) Lowndes AL

64

7 July Lizzie Pool Hickory Plains AR race prejudice

65

25 July Anna Mabry New Orleans LA race prejudice

66

28 Aug Negro woman Negro man Forrest City NC theft of peaches
1901

67

5 March Ballie Crutchfield Rome TN theft

68

20 March Terry Bell Terry MS

69

1 Aug Betsey McCray (m) Belfiield (s) Carrolton MS knowledge of murder

70

Ida McCray (d) Carrolton MS knowledge of murder

71

4 Oct Negro woman Marshall TX assault
1902

72

15 Feb Bell Duly Fulton KY

73

27 Dec Mrs.Emma Wideman Oliver Wideman Troy SC murder
1903

74

Negro woman murder of Mrs. Frank Matthews

75

8 June Negro woman Negro men (4) Smith County MS murder

76

24 June Lamb Whittle Concordia LA

77

*25 July Jennie Steers Beard Plantation, Shreveport LA murder by poison

78

28 Oct Jennie McCall Hamilton FL by mistake
1904

79

7 Feb Holbert (w) Luther Holbert Doddsville MS burning barn

80

*14 June Marie Thompson Lebanon Junction KY murder

81

30 August unknown Bates Union AR
1906

82

7 Nov Meta Hicks Mitchell GA husband accused of murder
1907

83

20 March Negro woman Stamps AR

84

Negro woman Stamps AR

85

21 May Mrs. Padgett (m) Son Tattnall GA son accused of rape

86

Padgett (d) Tattnall GA brother accused of rape
1908

87

3 Oct Mrs. D. Walker (m) Fulton KY race hatred

88

Walker (d) Fulton KY race hatred
1909

89

9 Feb Robby Baskin Houston MS murder

90

30 July Emile Antione Grand Prairie LA assault
1910

91

April 5 Laura Mitchell Lonoke AR murder

92

*25 Aug Laura Porter Monroe LA disreputable house
1911

93

*25 May Laura Nelson L.D. (14)(s) Okemah OK murder

94

2 Sept Hattie Bowman Ed Christian Greenville FL theft
1912

95

** Pettigrew (d) Ben Pettigrew (f) Savannah TN

96

** Pettigrew (d) Savannah TN

97

Negro woman Codele GA

98

*23 Jan Belle Hathaway John Moore,Eugene Hamming,Dusty Cruthfield or Crutchfield Hamilton GA tenants of murdered man

99

11 Feb Negro woman Negro children (3) Beaumont TX

100

13 Feb Mary Jackson George Saunders Marshall TX

101

25 June Ann Boston Pinehurst GA murder
1914

102

13 Mar** Mrs. Joe Perry (m,w) Joe Perry (h)SonChild Henderson NC

103

*31 Mar Marie Scott (17) Muskogee OK murder

104

28 May/June** Jennie Collins Shaw MS aiding in escape

105

17 June Paralee Collins (m) Issac (s) West Plains MO

106

*12 July Rosa Richardson (27-35) Providence/Santee SC murder

107

25 Nov Jane Sullivan (w) Fred Sullivan (h) Byhalia MS burning a barn
1915

108

15 Jan Eula Charles (Barber,d)Dan Barber (f) Jasper County GA parents accused of bootlegging

109

Ella Charles (Barber,d)Jesse Barber(b) Jasper County GA parents accused of bootlegging

110

May Briley Pescott AR

111

17 Aug Hope Hull AL

112

*8 Dec Cordella Stevenson Columbus MS
1916

113

19 Aug Mary Dennis Newberry FL aiding in escape

114

Stella Long Newberry FL aiding in escape

115

4 Oct** Mary Conley Arlington GA complicity in murder
1917

116

1 March Emma Hooper Hammond LA murder
1918

117

17 May Mary Turner (pregnant) Brooks Co GA taught a lesson

118

4 June Sarah Cabiness unnamed children(2)Bessie Cabiness(d)Pete (s)Tenola Cabiness(d)Cute Cabiness (d) Huntsville TX threatening white man

119

4 Sept Mrs. James Eyer Marion GA

120

*21 Dec Alma House (pregnant) Andrew Clark Shubuta MS murder
1919

121

5 May unknown Negro woman Holmes MS race prejudice
1920

122

2 Nov unknown Negro woman Ocoee FL race prejudice

123

18 Nov Minnie Ivory Willie IvoryWill Perry Douglass GA murder
1921

124

9 April Rachel Moore Rankin MS race prejudice
1922

125

25 June Mercy Hall Oklahoma City OK strike activity
1923

126

5 Jan Sarah Carrier Rosewood FL race prejudice

127

Lesty Gordon Rosewood FL race prejudice

128

29 Sept Negro woman Pickens MS

129

31 Sept Negro woman Holmes MS race prejudice
1924

130

23 June Penny Westmoreland Marcus Westmoreland Spalding GA

131

19 July —– Sheldon Meridian MS

132

11 Sept Sarah Williams Shreveport LA
1925

133

*25 April Annie Lowman (m) Aiken SC defending her daughter
1926

134

25 April Lily Cobb Birmingham AL

135

25 May Eliza Bryant Duplin NC success

136

8 Oct Bertha Lowman(d,s1) Demon (b) Aiken SC lynched after acquitted of murder

137

11 Nov Sally Brown Clarence (c) Houston TX
1928

138

25 Dec Negro woman (1) Eros LA dispute w/ whites

139

Negro woman (2) Eros LA dispute w/whites
1930

140

12 Feb Laura Wood Salisbury NC

141

5 July Viola Dial (pregnant) Narketta MS race prejudice

142

6 July Mrs. James Eyers (w) Markeeta MS race prejudice

143

10 Sept Holly White Pigg Lockett Scooba MS
1931

144

May Mrs. Wise Frankfort VA resisting Klan
1946

145

*25 July Dorothy Malcolm(w) (pregnant) Roger Malcolm (h) Monroe GA able to identify mob members

146

Mae Dorsey (w) George Dorsey (h) Monroe GA able to identify mob members
1956

147

*25 March Angenora Spencer Hyde NC miscegenation
1957

148

18 Nov Mrs. Frank Clay Henderson NC dispute

*Crystal Nicole Femister has a similar chart in the Appendix of her dissertation “Ladies and Lynching”: The Gendered Discourse of Mob Violence in the New South, 1880-1930. Having used overlapping sources accounts for similarities although there are differences in categories, variations of names, locations and some of the other content.