Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957: More on Black Women Who Were Lynched


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The lynching of Laura Nelson

After seeing the connection between Henrietta Vinton Davis and Black Women who were lynched (they lacked markers on their graves) we posted Dr. Daniel Meaders’ pamphlet on Black Women Who Were Lynched in America.  Reading that aroused wonder.   Were more women lynched than Dr. Meaders found? Further inquiry led us to the revelation of  “STRANGER FRUIT”: THE LYNCHING OF BLACK WOMEN THE CASES OF ROSA RICHARDSON AND MARIE SCOTT” by MARIA DELONGORIA. The information below is extracted from Appendix A: Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957. This list indicates approximately one hundred and fifty women who were lynched.  Four of them were known to have been pregnant at the time. m= mother d=daughter s=son f=father c=cousin w=wife h=husband #=age of victim b=brother s1=sister * some sexually related aspect (evidence of rape, sexual assault and/or ‘relationship’) ** approximate date

Number Date Name Lynched with County/City State
 1870    

1

SeptMrs. John Simes Henry Co KYRepublican
 1872 

2

NovMrs. Hawkins (m) Fayette Co KYRepublican

3

 —– Hawkins (d) Fayette Co KYRepublican
 1876    

4

MayMrs. Ben French Warsaw KYmurder
 1878    

5

4 NovMaria Smith Hernando MSmurder
 1880    

6

29 JulyMilly Thompson Clayton GA 

7

6 DecJulia Brandt (15)Joe Barnes, Vance BrandtCharleston SCtheft/murder
 1881    

8

*4 SeptAnn (Eliza) Cowan (35) Newberry SCarson
 1885     

9

29 SeptHarriet FinchJerry Finch, John Pattishal, Lee TysonChatham Co NCmurder
 1886    

10

25 JulyMary Hollenbeck Tattnall GAmurder

11

18 AugEliza Wood Madison TNmurder

12

SeptCummins (d)Stephen Cummins (f)Pulaski KY 
 1887    

13

28 AprilGracy Blanton W. Carroll LAtheft
 1891    

14

15 AprilRoxie Elliott Centerville AL 

15

9 MayMrs. Lee Lowndes MSson accused of murder

16

1 AugEliza Lowe Henry ALarson

17

 Ella Williams Henry ALarson

18

28 SeptLouise StevensonGrant WhiteHollandale MSmurder
 1892    

19

3 FebMrs. Martin Sumner Co TNson accused of arson

20

10 FebMrs. Brisco(w) ARrace prejudice

21

10 FebJessie Dillingham Smokeyville TXtrain wrecking

22

11 MarchElla (15) Rayville LAattempted murder/poisoning

23

2 NovMrs. Hastings(m)son (16)Jonesville LAhusband accused

24

 Hastings(d,14) Jonesville LAfather accused of murder

25

21 DecCora Guthrie,Indian Territory 
 1893    

26

19 MarchJessie Jones Jellico TNmurder

27

18 JulyMeredith Lewis Roseland LAmurder

28

15 SeptEmma FairPaul Hill, Paul Archer, William ArcherCarrolton ALarson

29

16 SeptLouisa Carter (Lou)(m) Jackson MSpoisoning a well

30

 Mahala Jackson (d) Jackson MSpoisoning a well
 1893    

31

NovMrs. Phil Evens (m) Bardstown KY 

32

 Evans (d) Bardstown KY 

33

 Evans (d) Bardstown KY 

34

4 NovMary (Eliza) Motlow Lynchburg VAarson

35

9 NovRilla Weaver Clarendon AR 
 1894    

36

6 Marchunknown Negro woman Pulaski AR 

37

16 JulyMarion Howard Scottsville KY 

38

24 JulyNegro woman Simpson Co MSrace prejudice
 1895    

39

20 MarchHarriet Tally Petersburg TNarson

40

21 AprilMary Deane Greenville ALmurder

41

 Alice Green Greenville ALmurder

42

 Martha Green Greenville ALmurder

43

1 JulyMollie Smith Trigg County KY 

44

20 JulyMrs. Abe Phillips (m)unnamed child (1)Mant TX 
45Hannah Phillips (d)Mant TX

46

23 JulyNegro woman Brenham TX 

47

2 AugMrs. James Mason (w)James Mason (h)Dangerfield TX 

48

*28 AugNegro woman Simpson MSmiscegenation

49

26 SeptFelicia Francis New Orleans LA 

50

11 OctCatherine Matthews Baton Rouge LApoisoning

51

2 DecHannah KearseIsom K. (h)Colleton SCstealing a bible
52WalkerColleton SC
 1896     

53

*12 JanCharlotte Morris Jefferson LAmiscegenation/living with white “husband”

54

1 AugIsadora Morely Selma ALmurder

55

18 NovMimm Collier Steenston MS 
 1897    

56

9 FebNegro woman Carrolton MStheft/arson

57

5 MarchOtea Smith Julietta FLmurder

58

12 MayAmanda Franks Jefferson ALmurder

59

 Molly White Jefferson ALmurder
 1898    

60

22 FebDora Baker (Cora?)(d,2) Frazier Baker(f)Williamsburg SCrace prejudice

60

9 NovRose Etheridge Phoenix SCmurder

61

13 NovEliza Goode Greenwood SCmurder
 1899    

62

23 MarchWillia Boyd Silver City MS 
 1900    

63

2 MarchMrs. Jim Cross (m) Lowndes AL 

64

 Cross (d) Lowndes AL 

65

7 JulyLizzie Pool Hickory Plains ARrace prejudice

66

25 JulyAnna Mabry New Orleans LArace prejudice

67

28 AugNegro womanNegro manForrest City NCtheft of peaches
 1901    

68

5 MarchBallie Crutchfield Rome TNtheft

69

20 MarchTerry Bell Terry MS 

70

1 AugBetsey McCray (m)Belfiield (s)Carrolton MSknowledge of murder

71

 Ida McCray (d) Carrolton MSknowledge of murder

72

4 OctNegro woman Marshall TXassault
 1902    

73

15 FebBell Duly Fulton KY 

74

27 DecMrs.Emma WidemanOliver WidemanTroy SCmurder
 1903    

75

 Negro woman  murder of Mrs. Frank Matthews

76

8 JuneNegro womanNegro men (4)Smith County MSmurder

77

24 JuneLamb Whittle Concordia LA 

78

*25 JulyJennie Steers Beard Plantation, Shreveport LAmurder by poison

79

28 OctJennie McCall Hamilton FLby mistake
 1904    

80

7 FebHolbert (w)Luther HolbertDoddsville MSburning barn

81

*14 JuneMarie Thompson Lebanon Junction KYmurder

82

30 Augustunknown Bates Union AR 
 1906    

83

7 NovMeta Hicks Mitchell GAhusband accused of murder
 1907    

84

20 MarchNegro woman Stamps AR 

85

 Negro woman Stamps AR 

86

21 MayMrs. Padgett (m)SonTattnall GAson accused of rape

87

 Padgett (d) Tattnall GAbrother accused of rape
 1908    

88

3 OctMrs. D. Walker (m) Fulton KYrace hatred

89

 Walker (d) Fulton KYrace hatred
 1909    

90

9 FebRobby Baskin Houston MSmurder

91

30 JulyEmile Antione Grand Prairie LAassault
 1910     

92

April 5Laura Mitchell Frank, PrideLonoke ARmurder

93

*25 AugLaura Porter Monroe LAdisreputable house
 1911    

94

*25 MayLaura NelsonL.D. (14) (s)Okemah OKmurder

95

2 SeptHattie BowmanEd ChristianGreenville FLtheft
 1912    

96

**Pettigrew (d)Ben Pettigrew (f)Savannah TN 

97

**Pettigrew (d) Savannah TN 

98

 Negro woman Cordele GA 

99

*23 JanBelle HathawayJohn Moore,Eugene Hamming,Dusty Cruthfield or CrutchfieldHamilton GAtenants of murdered man

100

11 FebNegro womanNegro children (3)Beaumont TX 

101

13 FebMary JacksonGeorge SaundersMarshall TX 

102

25 JuneAnn Boston Pinehurst GAmurder
 1914    

103

13 Mar**Mrs. Joe Perry (m,w)Joe Perry (h) SonChildHenderson NC 

104

*31 MarMarie Scott (17) Muskogee OKmurder

105

28 May/June**Jennie Collins Shaw MSaiding in escape

106

17 JuneParalee Collins (m)Issac (s)West Plains MO 

107

*12 JulyRosa Richardson (27-35) Providence/Santee SCmurder

108

25 NovJane Sullivan (w)Fred Sullivan (h)Byhalia MSburning a barn
 1915     

109

15 JanEula CharlesDan Barber (f)Jasper County GAparents accused of bootlegging

110

 Ella CharlesJesse Barber (b)Jasper County GAparents accused of bootlegging

111

MayBriley Prescott AR 

112

17 AugHope Hull AL 

113

*8 DecCordella Stevenson Columbus MS 
 1916    

114

19 AugMary Dennis Newberry FLaiding in escape

115

 Stella Long (Young?) Newberry FLaiding in escape

116

4 Oct**Mary Conley (Connell?) Arlington GAcomplicity in murder
 1917    

117

1 MarchEmma Hooper Hammond LAmurder
 1918    

118

17 MayMary Turner (pregnant) Brooks Co GAtaught a lesson

119

4 JuneSarah Cabinessunnamed children (2) Pete (s) Huntsville TXthreatening white man
120Bessie Cabiness (d)Huntsville TX
121Tenola Cabiness (d)Huntsville TX
122Cute Cabiness (d)
123
4 SeptMrs. James Eyer Marion GA 

124

*21 DecAlma House (also spelled Howze)(pregnant)Andrew ClarkShubuta MSmurder
125Maggie Howze (pregnant)Same as aboveShubuta MSmurder
 1919    

126

5 Mayunknown Negro woman Holmes MSrace prejudice
 1920    

127

2 Novunknown Negro woman Ocoee FLrace prejudice

128

18 NovMinnie IvoryWillie Ivory, Will PerryDouglass GAmurder
 1921    

129

9 AprilRachel Moore Rankin MSrace prejudice
 1922    

130

25 JuneMercy Hall Oklahoma City OKstrike activity
 1923    

131

5 JanSarah Carrier Rosewood FLrace prejudice

132

 Lesty Gordon Rosewood FLrace prejudice

133

29 SeptNegro woman Pickens MS 

134

31 SeptNegro woman Holmes MSrace prejudice
 1924    

135

23 JunePenny WestmorelandMarcus WestmorelandSpalding GA 

136

19 July—– Sheldon Meridian MS 

137

11 SeptSarah Williams Shreveport LA 
 1925    

138

*25 AprilAnnie Lowman (m) Aiken SCdefending her daughter
 1926    

139

25 AprilLily Cobb Birmingham AL 

140

25 MayEliza Bryant Duplin NCsuccess

141

8 OctBertha Lowman(d,s1)Demon (b)Aiken SClynched after acquitted of murder

142

11 NovSally BrownClarence (c)Houston TX 
 1928    

143

25 DecNegro woman (1) Eros LAdispute w/ whites

144

 Negro woman (2) Eros LAdispute w/whites
 1930     

145

12 FebLaura Wood Salisbury NC 
146

5 JulyViola Dial (pregnant) Narketta MSrace prejudice

147

6 JulyMrs. James Eyers (w) Markeeta MSrace prejudice

148

10 SeptHolly WhitePigg LockettScooba MS 
 1931    

149

MayMrs. Wise Frankfort VAresisting Klan
 1946    

150

*25 JulyDorothy Malcolm (w) (pregnant)Roger Malcolm (h)Monroe GAable to identify mob members

151

 Mae Dorsey (w)George Dorsey (h)Monroe GAable to identify mob members
 1956     

152

*25 MarchAngenora Spencer Hyde NCmiscegenation
 1957     

153

18 NovMrs. Frank Clay Henderson NCdispute

*Crystal Nicole Femister has a similar chart in the Appendix of her dissertation “Ladies and Lynching”: The Gendered Discourse of Mob Violence in the New South, 1880-1930.” Having used overlapping sources accounts for similarities although there are differences in categories, variations of names, locations and some of the other content.