ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FOR OUR SISTERS: The community remembers Black women lynched


ANNUAL SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FOR OUR SISTERS

The community remembers Black women lynched

Spiritually-conscious women and men of African descent will gather 3:00PM sharp, Sunday, March 29, rain or shine, at Congo (Washington) Square, 7th & Walnut Streets in Philadelphia for the Second Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony in remembrance of the 150 documented Black women who were lynched between 1870 and 1957.

2015 SACRED LIBATION CEREMONY FLYER 3

Flyer for the 2015 Sacred Libation Ceremony to be conducted at 7th & Walnut Streets in Congo (Washington) Square Philadelphia, Pa.

In March 2014, the first annual Sacred Libation Ceremony for the women was conducted by Iya Marilyn Kai Jewett and a group of priests of Philadelphia’s African American Yoruba/Orisha community. Although it rained that day, approximately 30 people came to witness the ritual – some from as far as New York and Washington DC. The ceremony has now been instituted as an annual ritual on the last Sunday in March as part of Women’s History Month.

In addition to libation being poured by Jewett in the Yoruba tradition, women from other traditions also will participate. The Queen Mothers of the Philadelphia Asante NationNana Afua Afriyie Kyeiwaa, Philadelphiahemaa and Nana Akua Oforiwaa Amanfo, Philadelphia Asonahemaa, will pour libation in the Akan tradition from Ghana. They will be accompanied by the women of the Philadelphia Asante Abusuafoo. Other holy women participating includes well-known healer/education activist Mama Gail Clouden and her godchildren.

How did this all come about? Last year, while perusing stories on Dr. Boyce Watkins’ “Your Black World” news website, Jewett came across a story entitled, “Black women were lynched too!” written by blogger Yolanda Spivey. Although she was a student of history and knew about the list of 5,000 documented lynchings of people of African descent in the U.S., Jewett wasn’t aware of the number of women who were included. Neither was Spivey.

I can’t begin to tell how shocked I was to learn the depths of what happened to lynched Black men and women in this country,” said Spivey.  “I wasn’t naïve about the lynchings, but I was definitely naïve to learn the circumstances surrounding their murders.  The Black women in some cases were pregnant — and that didn’t matter to the white people who murdered them.  They were, in all circumstances, murdered for the silliest infractions or implicated in crimes that they did not commit.” 

Spivey’s story (http://naturallymoi.com/2014/02/yolanda-spivey-lets-not-forget-that-black-women-were-lynched-too/) led Jewett to a website owned by Brother Nnamdi Azikiwe, that’s dedicated to Henrietta Vinton Davis, a prominent leader in Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA). The website (https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com/2009/07/22/recorded/) provides documented information on these women – their names, dates, places, why and with whom they were lynched. After reading details of the lynchings, the Egun (ancestors) began speaking to Jewett and instructed her that she must do more than send an email informing people about the history.

Amy Jacques Garvey, Henrietta Vinton Davis and Marcus Garvey

Amy Jacques Garvey, Henrietta Vinton Davis and Marcus Garvey

They needed libation poured for them to uplift and bring light their souls,” Jewett explained. They wanted to be remembered and have their stories told. They wouldn’t let me rest. It was physically and spiritually painful. I couldn’t sleep for the two weeks leading up to the ritual. I kept asking them why me? They replied that it was part of my destiny and that I had to do it.”

Continue reading

The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth on them.


 

The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth on them.

The way to right wrongs is to turn the light of truth on them. This is an advertisement taken from the Washington Bee newspaper dated Saturday October 22, 1892. It is an advertisement for Ida B. Wells’ lecture held at Metropolitan AME Church in Washington, D.C. Her subject that night was “Southern Mob Rule.” She was introduced by Timothy Thomas Fortune, editor of the New York Age and later an editor of the Negro World Newspaper. Presiding at the event was Mary Church Terrell.

Ida B. Wells gives us our marching orders. We know 148 women of African ancestry were lynched in the United States of America. We will right those wrongs by turning the light of truth on them.

Livication Marker Unveiling 2013


PRESS RELEASE

07/10/2013
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE

For more information:
Vaunita Goodman (202) 291-1663
email: shero1860@facebook.com
blog
: https://henriettavintondavis.wordpress.com
#Livication

JULY 20, 2013 is HENRIETTA VINTON DAVIS GRAVE MARKER UNVEILING

-Events to recognize cultural icon-

Washington, DC –Today the Henrietta Vinton Davis Memorial Foundation (HVDMF) announced plans to unveil a marker at the grave of its namesake in National Harmony Memorial Park. The Foundation has as its mission to raise awareness of the life and legacy of Shakespearean actor, elocutionist, dramatic reader and activist Henrietta Vinton Davis.

Miss Davis remained relatively unrecognized until July 1983 when an article entitled “Henrietta Vinton Davis and the Garvey Movement” by Professor William Seraile was published in the journal ‘Afro-Americans in New York Life and History’. Nearly a year later, acknowledgment of her contributions increased with the publication of the book ‘Shakespeare in Sable’ written by Professor Errol Hill of Dartmouth University. Her home in Northeast Washington, DC has been listed on Cultural Tourism DC’s African American Heritage Trail since 1999.

On Saturday July 20, 2013 the HVDMF starts the day off with an award presentation and celebration at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library, culminating with the unveiling of a marker at Miss Davis’ grave site at National Harmony Memorial Park. Guest speakers and celebrants include:

Dr. William Seraile (Bruce Grit), Barbara Eklof (For Every Season), Kevin Grace (Friends of Joe Gans), Nnamdi Azikiwe (Vinton Davis Weblog) and Mwariama Kamau (UNIA). Producing partners for the occasion are Vaunita Goodman (MTPC) and Michon Boston (Iola’s Letter). Clayton LeBouef (Something The Lord Made, The Wire, Homicide) will serve as Master of Ceremonies.

In 2008, DC Mayor Adrian Fenty issued a proclamation designating August 25 ‘Henrietta Vinton Davis Day.’ The decree acknowledged Davis as the first African American to work at the DC Recorder of Deeds office beginning in 1878, before Frederick Douglass was appointed Recorder. She made her career debut as a Shakespearean actor, elocutionist and dramatic reader in Washington, DC on April 25, 1883 where she was introduced by Douglass, a family friend. The proclamation acknowledges the success of Miss Davis as a public speaker and cultural icon.

Celebration / Award Presentation recognizing Vera J. Katz, (Professor Emerita Howard University Theatre Arts) and others will be conducted in the A-5 Auditorium 11am-1:30-pm at the Martin Luther King, Jr Memorial Library 901 G Street, NW, Washington, D.C. (202)  727-0321

Livication / Henrietta Vinton Davis Marker Unveiling will be conducted 3pm-5pm at her grave site in National Harmony Memorial Park 7101 Sheriff Road Largo, MD (301) 772-0900

Events are free and open to the public.

About Henrietta Vinton Davis
For thirty-five years after her debut performing “Shakespearean delineations”, original plays and dramatic readings with her own performing company, and local troupes throughout the United States, South America and the Caribbean, Henrietta Vinton Davis broke new ground as a successful theatrical artisan. Her commitment to her craft gained her recognition as the first African American “woman of the stage.”

During 1919, a year notable for its “Red Summer,” she joined the Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League headed by Marcus Garvey.

As a leader of the African Redemption Movement, Davis made use of her acting skills to promote the aims and objectives of the UNIA. Her ability to “transport her listeners” to another place with her oratorical skills played a key role in both attracting members to the organization and promoting the Black Star Line Shipping Company. As such, she was elected to numerous positions including International Organizer, and Third Assistant President General of the UNIA. Additionally, as Vice President and a Director of the Black Star Line, Davis was the de facto authority aboard the Black Star Line’s flagship vessel, the S.S. Yarmouth, on its maiden voyage. The ship was laden with a cargo worth upwards of $5.000.000 destined for the Caribbean. On the ship’s return Marcus Garvey proclaimed Miss Davis “the greatest woman of the [African] race today” in a meeting at the UNIA’s Liberty Hall.

About The Henrietta Vinton Davis Memorial Foundation
Initially organized to raise funds for a marker at the grave of Lady Henrietta Vinton Davis

in 2005, the mission of The Henrietta Vinton Davis Memorial Foundation has evolved to include publishing books, producing plays, films/videos and conducting symposiums educating the general public about her life and the times in which she lived.

* *

A scene from the play Christophe by William Edgar Easton

Proclamation for Henrietta Vinton Davis Day

Cultural Tourism DC immortalizes Henrietta Vinton Davis with a plaque on her former residence


Cultural Tourism DC announced that it will unveil a plaque at the former residence of the Honorable Lady Henrietta Vinton Davis on May 8, 2010 at 2pm.

Miss Davis’ residence has been a part of Cultural Tourism DC’s African American Heritage Trail for nearly a decade. The recognition comes on the heels of a “Livication” program honoring Miss Davis at Washington, DC’s Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library held on Sunday March 14, 2010. The program was a collaborative effort between the Henrietta Vinton Davis Memorial Foundation and the Martin Luther King, Jr, Memorial Library. The event was the kickoff for an exhibit recognizing Miss Davis’ significance as an elocutionist, dramatic reader and Shakespearean actor.

Her career marked a turning point in the history of Africans in America. She earned a living as a performing artist at a time when there were few with the training and skills to perform with her.

It is significant to note her home is walking distance to the newly christened Atlas Performing Arts Centre on H street. Additionally, the African Continuum Theatre is resident of the Atlas.

Women’s History Month exhibit honors Lady Henrietta Vinton Davis


Below are a few photos of the exhibit reviewing the life of Lady Henrietta Vinton Davis at the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Library in Washington, DC.

Henrietta Vinton Davis Day Proclaimed in Baltimore


Designating August 25, 2009 "He"nrietta Vinton Davis Day in BaltimoreMayor Sheila Dixon has proclaimed August 25, 2009 as “Henrietta Vinton Davis Day” in Baltimore.

Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957: More on Black Women Who Were Lynched


Click here for details about the March 26, 2017 Fourth Annual Sacred Libation Ceremony In Remembrance of Our Sisters

The lynching of Laura Nelson

After seeing the connection between Henrietta Vinton Davis and Black Women who were lynched (they all had no markers on their graves) we posted Dr. Daniel Meaders’ pamphlet on Black Women Who Were Lynched in America.  Reading that aroused wonder.   Were more women lynched than Dr. Meaders found? Further inquiry led us to the revelation of  “STRANGER FRUIT”: THE LYNCHING OF BLACK WOMEN THE CASES OF ROSA RICHARDSON AND MARIE SCOTT” by MARIA DELONGORIA. The information below is extracted from Appendix A: Recorded Cases of Black Female Lynching Victims 1886-1957. This list indicates approximately one hundred and fifty women who were lynched.  Four of them were known to have been pregnant at the time. m= mother d=daughter s=son f=father c=cousin w=wife h=husband #=age of victim b=brother s1=sister * some sexually related aspect (evidence of rape, sexual assault and/or ‘relationship’) ** approximate date

Number

Date

Name

Lynched with

County/City State

Allegation

1870

1

Sept Mrs. John Simes Henry Co KY Republican
1872

2

Nov Mrs. Hawkins (m) Fayette Co KY Republican

3

—– Hawkins (d) Fayette Co KY Republican
1876

4

May Mrs. Ben French Warsaw KY murder
1878

5

4 Nov Maria Smith Hernando MS murder
1880

6

29 July Milly Thompson Clayton GA

7

6 Dec Julia Brandt (15) Joe Barnes, Vance Brandt Charleston SC theft/murder
1881

8

*4 Sept Ann (Eliza) Cowan (35) Newberry SC arson
1885

9

29 Sept Harriet Finch Jerry Finch, John Pattishal, Lee Tyson Chatham Co NC murder
1886

10

25 July Mary Hollenbeck Tattnall GA murder

11

18 Aug Eliza Wood Madison TN murder

12

Sept Cummins (d) Stephen Cummins (f) Pulaski KY
1887

13

28 April Gracy Blanton W. Carroll LA theft
1891

14

15 April Roxie Elliott Centerville AL

15

9 May Mrs. Lee Lowndes MS son accused of murder

16

1 Aug Eliza Lowe Henry AL arson

17

Ella Williams Henry AL arson

18

28 Sept Louise Stevenson Grant White Hollandale MS murder
1892

19

3 Feb Mrs. Martin Sumner Co TN son accused of arson

20

10 Feb Mrs. Brisco(w) AR race prejudice

21

10 Feb Jessie Dillingham Smokeyville TX train wrecking

22

11 March Ella (15) Rayville LA attempted murder/poisoning

23

2 Nov Mrs. Hastings(m) son (16) Jonesville LA husband accused

24

Hastings(d,14) Jonesville LA father accused of murder

25

21 Dec Cora Guthrie,Indian Territory
1893

26

19 March Jessie Jones Jellico TN murder

27

18 July Meredith Lewis Roseland LA murder

28

15 Sept Emma Fair Paul Hill, Paul Archer, William Archer Carrolton AL arson

29

16 Sept Louisa Carter (Lou)(m) Jackson MS poisoning a well

30

Mahala Jackson (d) Jackson MS poisoning a well
1893

31

Nov Mrs. Phil Evens (m) Bardstown KY

32

Evans (d) Bardstown KY

33

Evans (d) Bardstown KY

34

4 Nov Mary (Eliza) Motlow Lynchburg VA arson

35

9 Nov Rilla Weaver Clarendon AR
1894

36

6 March unknown Negro woman Pulaski AR

37

16 July Marion Howard Scottsville KY

38

24 July Negro woman Simpson Co MS race prejudice
1895

39

20 March Harriet Tally Petersburg TN arson

40

21 April Mary Deane Greenville AL murder

41

Alice Green Greenville AL murder

42

Martha Green Greenville AL murder

43

1 July Mollie Smith Trigg County KY

44

20 July Mrs. Abe Phillips (m) unnamed child (1)Hannah Phillips (d) Mant TX

45

23 July Negro woman Brenham TX

46

2 Aug Mrs. James Mason (w) James Mason (h) Dangerfield TX

47

*28 Aug Negro woman Simpson MS miscegenation

48

26 Sept Felicia Francis New Orleans LA

49

11 Oct Catherine Matthews Baton Rouge LA poisoning

50

2 Dec Hannah Kearse (Walker,m),Isom K. (s) Colleton SC stealing a bible
1896

51

*12 Jan Charlotte Morris Jefferson LA miscegenation/living with white “husband”

52

1 Aug Isadora Morely Selma AL murder

53

18 Nov Mimm Collier Steenston MS
1897

54

9 Feb Negro woman Carrolton MS theft/arson

55

5 March Otea Smith Julietta FL murder

56

12 May Amanda Franks Jefferson AL murder

57

Molly White Jefferson AL murder
1898

58

22 Feb Dora Baker (d,2)Frazier Baker(f) Williamsburg SC race prejudice

59

9 Nov Rose Etheridge Phoenix SC murder

60

13 Nov Eliza Goode Greenwood SC murder
1899

61

23 March Willia Boyd Silver City MS
1900

62

2 March Mrs. Jim Cross (m) Lowndes AL

63

Cross (d) Lowndes AL

64

7 July Lizzie Pool Hickory Plains AR race prejudice

65

25 July Anna Mabry New Orleans LA race prejudice

66

28 Aug Negro woman Negro man Forrest City NC theft of peaches
1901

67

5 March Ballie Crutchfield Rome TN theft

68

20 March Terry Bell Terry MS

69

1 Aug Betsey McCray (m) Belfiield (s) Carrolton MS knowledge of murder

70

Ida McCray (d) Carrolton MS knowledge of murder

71

4 Oct Negro woman Marshall TX assault
1902

72

15 Feb Bell Duly Fulton KY

73

27 Dec Mrs.Emma Wideman Oliver Wideman Troy SC murder
1903

74

Negro woman murder of Mrs. Frank Matthews

75

8 June Negro woman Negro men (4) Smith County MS murder

76

24 June Lamb Whittle Concordia LA

77

*25 July Jennie Steers Beard Plantation, Shreveport LA murder by poison

78

28 Oct Jennie McCall Hamilton FL by mistake
1904

79

7 Feb Holbert (w) Luther Holbert Doddsville MS burning barn

80

*14 June Marie Thompson Lebanon Junction KY murder

81

30 August unknown Bates Union AR
1906

82

7 Nov Meta Hicks Mitchell GA husband accused of murder
1907

83

20 March Negro woman Stamps AR

84

Negro woman Stamps AR

85

21 May Mrs. Padgett (m) Son Tattnall GA son accused of rape

86

Padgett (d) Tattnall GA brother accused of rape
1908

87

3 Oct Mrs. D. Walker (m) Fulton KY race hatred

88

Walker (d) Fulton KY race hatred
1909

89

9 Feb Robby Baskin Houston MS murder

90

30 July Emile Antione Grand Prairie LA assault
1910

91

April 5 Laura Mitchell Lonoke AR murder

92

*25 Aug Laura Porter Monroe LA disreputable house
1911

93

*25 May Laura Nelson L.D. (14)(s) Okemah OK murder

94

2 Sept Hattie Bowman Ed Christian Greenville FL theft
1912

95

** Pettigrew (d) Ben Pettigrew (f) Savannah TN

96

** Pettigrew (d) Savannah TN

97

Negro woman Codele GA

98

*23 Jan Belle Hathaway John Moore,Eugene Hamming,Dusty Cruthfield or Crutchfield Hamilton GA tenants of murdered man

99

11 Feb Negro woman Negro children (3) Beaumont TX

100

13 Feb Mary Jackson George Saunders Marshall TX

101

25 June Ann Boston Pinehurst GA murder
1914

102

13 Mar** Mrs. Joe Perry (m,w) Joe Perry (h)SonChild Henderson NC

103

*31 Mar Marie Scott (17) Muskogee OK murder

104

28 May/June** Jennie Collins Shaw MS aiding in escape

105

17 June Paralee Collins (m) Issac (s) West Plains MO

106

*12 July Rosa Richardson (27-35) Providence/Santee SC murder

107

25 Nov Jane Sullivan (w) Fred Sullivan (h) Byhalia MS burning a barn
1915

108

15 Jan Eula Charles (Barber,d)Dan Barber (f) Jasper County GA parents accused of bootlegging

109

Ella Charles (Barber,d)Jesse Barber(b) Jasper County GA parents accused of bootlegging

110

May Briley Pescott AR

111

17 Aug Hope Hull AL

112

*8 Dec Cordella Stevenson Columbus MS
1916

113

19 Aug Mary Dennis Newberry FL aiding in escape

114

Stella Long Newberry FL aiding in escape

115

4 Oct** Mary Conley Arlington GA complicity in murder
1917

116

1 March Emma Hooper Hammond LA murder
1918

117

17 May Mary Turner (pregnant) Brooks Co GA taught a lesson

118

4 June Sarah Cabiness unnamed children(2)Bessie Cabiness(d)Pete (s)Tenola Cabiness(d)Cute Cabiness (d) Huntsville TX threatening white man

119

4 Sept Mrs. James Eyer Marion GA

120

*21 Dec Alma House (pregnant) Andrew Clark Shubuta MS murder
1919

121

5 May unknown Negro woman Holmes MS race prejudice
1920

122

2 Nov unknown Negro woman Ocoee FL race prejudice

123

18 Nov Minnie Ivory Willie IvoryWill Perry Douglass GA murder
1921

124

9 April Rachel Moore Rankin MS race prejudice
1922

125

25 June Mercy Hall Oklahoma City OK strike activity
1923

126

5 Jan Sarah Carrier Rosewood FL race prejudice

127

Lesty Gordon Rosewood FL race prejudice

128

29 Sept Negro woman Pickens MS

129

31 Sept Negro woman Holmes MS race prejudice
1924

130

23 June Penny Westmoreland Marcus Westmoreland Spalding GA

131

19 July —– Sheldon Meridian MS

132

11 Sept Sarah Williams Shreveport LA
1925

133

*25 April Annie Lowman (m) Aiken SC defending her daughter
1926

134

25 April Lily Cobb Birmingham AL

135

25 May Eliza Bryant Duplin NC success

136

8 Oct Bertha Lowman(d,s1) Demon (b) Aiken SC lynched after acquitted of murder

137

11 Nov Sally Brown Clarence (c) Houston TX
1928

138

25 Dec Negro woman (1) Eros LA dispute w/ whites

139

Negro woman (2) Eros LA dispute w/whites
1930

140

12 Feb Laura Wood Salisbury NC

141

5 July Viola Dial (pregnant) Narketta MS race prejudice

142

6 July Mrs. James Eyers (w) Markeeta MS race prejudice

143

10 Sept Holly White Pigg Lockett Scooba MS
1931

144

May Mrs. Wise Frankfort VA resisting Klan
1946

145

*25 July Dorothy Malcolm(w) (pregnant) Roger Malcolm (h) Monroe GA able to identify mob members

146

Mae Dorsey (w) George Dorsey (h) Monroe GA able to identify mob members
1956

147

*25 March Angenora Spencer Hyde NC miscegenation
1957

148

18 Nov Mrs. Frank Clay Henderson NC dispute

*Crystal Nicole Femister has a similar chart in the Appendix of her dissertation “Ladies and Lynching”: The Gendered Discourse of Mob Violence in the New South, 1880-1930. Having used overlapping sources accounts for similarities although there are differences in categories, variations of names, locations and some of the other content.